Political rights

Need for a better balance between the right to development and civil and political rights: India


India, which faces several protests against development projects, said there must be a better balance between the right to development and civil and political rights.

“Development priorities and societal contexts will continue to define the path taken by different countries in the process of realizing individual and collective rights,” Paulomi Tripathi, first secretary of the Indian mission, told the General Assembly committee. which deals with human rights issues on Monday.

“The 1993 Vienna Declaration and Program of Action placed economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development, on a par with civil and political rights,” she said during the debate. in committee on “Promotion and protection of human rights”. Rights.”

“We need to have a balanced approach to building the capacity of duty bearers to fulfill their obligations and of rights holders to claim their rights,” she said.

“Too much focus on one over the other would be counterproductive,” she added.

Development programs in India have met with opposition from groups backed by civil rights organizations and, in some cases, instigated and supported from abroad.

Many of the projects facing opposition are in the energy and infrastructure sectors with a high impact on development.

A consideration of the balance between the two sets of rights is relevant for the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Tripathi said.

The Vienna Declaration was adopted at the United Nations World Conference on Human Rights, in which 171 countries participated and prepared the UN roadmap in this area, such as the creation of the High Office of the Commissioner for Human Rights and the search for a consensus on the relationship between human rights and development rights.

Tripathi said there must be “an honest assessment” of whether “aggressive and overly intrusive methods without consultation and without the consent of the country concerned” have led to any real improvement in human rights.

“Such a confrontational approach has often been counterproductive, leading to a politicization of human rights issues,” while dialogue, consultation and cooperation without selectivity and transparency will produce better results, she said. added.

(With contributions from agencies.)